Journal of Gastrointestinal Infections

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VOLUME 5 , ISSUE 1 ( 2015 ) > List of Articles

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Microbiological spectrum of diarrhea in HIV infected patients – a cross-sectional study from a rural cohort population of coastal South India

Mamatha Ballal, Suganthi Martena Devadas, Vignesh Shetty, Sohan Bangera

Keywords : Coccidian parasites, diarrhea, enteric pathogens, HIV/AIDS.

Citation Information : Ballal M, Devadas SM, Shetty V, Bangera S. Microbiological spectrum of diarrhea in HIV infected patients – a cross-sectional study from a rural cohort population of coastal South India. J Gastrointest Infect 2015; 5 (1):42-45.

DOI: 10.5005/jp-jogi-5-1-42

License: CC BY-SA 4.0

Published Online: 01-12-2015

Copyright Statement:  Copyright © 2015; Jaypee Brothers Medical Publishers (P) Ltd.


Abstract

Diarrheal diseases continue to play a major role in the lives of the HIV positive people impacting negatively on the quality of life. Currently only a few studies on intestinal parasites and diarrhea in HIV patients are available from South India. We took up this study to evaluate the prevalence of such infections in HIV patients and to emphasize the importance of stool examination for parasites. A total of 73 stool samples from HIV patients with diarrhea (Jan 2012 – Dec 2012) were processed according to the standard protocol. Of the total 73 cases, 65.75% were with chronic diarrhea and the remaining 34.24% presented with acute diarrhea. Of the 32 (43.83%) intestinal pathogens isolated, 27 (84.37%) were coccidian parasites and the remaining were bacterial agents. Knowledge about the different pattern of pathogens can often guide appropriate therapy to HIV patients. There is an urgent need to interpret the scientific findings into sustainable prevention programs and improve public health policy.


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