Journal of Gastrointestinal Infections

Register      Login

VOLUME 4 , ISSUE 1 ( 2014 ) > List of Articles

ORIGINAL ARTICLE

Enteric Bacterial Contamination in Ready to Eat Food Products and their Resistance to Commonly Used Antimicrobials

Sukhminderjit Kaur, Divya Walia

Keywords : Antibiotic resistance, enteropathogens, food borne pathogens

Citation Information : Kaur S, Walia D. Enteric Bacterial Contamination in Ready to Eat Food Products and their Resistance to Commonly Used Antimicrobials. J Gastrointest Infect 2014; 4 (1):36-39.

DOI: 10.5005/jogi-4-1-36

License: CC BY-SA 4.0

Published Online: 00-12-2014

Copyright Statement:  Copyright © 2014; Jaypee Brothers Medical Publishers (P) Ltd.


Abstract

Background & Objectives: There is an increasing tendency among people for the consumption of ready to eat food, especially among urban people, which increases the risk of food-borne diseases. The prevalence of antimicrobial resistance among food-borne pathogens has increased during recent decades. The present study was conducted to isolate various enteric bacterial pathogens from ready to eat food samples sold in local market and to check their susceptibility to commonly used antimicrobials. Material & Methods: For the isolation of enteropathogens, 50 different ready to eat foods were collected from retail market of Chandigarh, India and its periphery. The samples were inoculated on MacConkey agar after serial dilutions and isolates obtained were identified morphologically and biochemically using standard procedures. Their susceptibility to commonly used antimicrobials was checked. Results: A total of 57 bacterial isolates were obtained which included E.coli (42%), Klebsiella spp. (25%), Salmonella spp. (9%), Enterobacter spp. (9%), Pseudomonas spp. (5%), Shigella spp. (4%) and Proteus spp. (4%). The isolates showed highest rate of resistance towards amoxicillin followed by norfloxacin and nalidixic acid. Interpretation & Conclusion: All of the isolated bacteria showed resistance to two or more antibiotics studied. The prevalence of antibiotic resistance among food-borne pathogens is a major threat which may pose difficulty in further treatment.


PDF Share
  1. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Surveillance for foodborne disease outbreaks-United States, 2007. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report 2010;59:973–9.
  2. Townes JM, Quick R, Gonzales OY, Linares M, Damiani E, Bopp CA & et al. Etiology of bloody diarrhea in Bolivian children: implication for empiric therapy. J Infect Dis 1997;175:1527-30.
  3. Scallan E, Griffin PM, Angulo FJ, Tauxe RV, Hoekstra RM. Foodborne illness acquired in the United States—unspecified agents. Emerg Infect Dis 2011;17:16–22.
  4. Bhan MK. Current and future management of childhood diarrhea. Int J Antimicrob Agents 2004;14:71-3.
  5. Silbergeld EK, Graham J, Price LB. Industrial food animal production, antimicrobial resistance, and human health. Annu Rev Public Health 2008;29:151-69.
  6. Gupta A, Fontana J, Crowe C, Bolstorff B, Stout A, Van Duyne S, et al. Emergence of multidrug- resistant Salmonella enterica Serotype Newport Infections resistant to expanded-spectrum cephalosporins in the United States. J Infect Dis 2003; 188(11):1707- 16.
  7. Little CL, Walsh S, Hucklesby L, Surman-Lee S, Pathak K, Gatty Y, et al. Survey of Salmonella contamination of non- United Kingdom-produced raw shell eggs on retail sale in the northwest of England and London, 2005 to 2006. J Food Prot 2007;70(10):2259-65.
  8. Van TT, Moutafis G, Istivan T, Tran LT, Coloe PJ. Salmonella-A dangerous Foodborne Pathogen. Appl Environ Microbiol 2007;73:6885-90.
  9. Bauer AW, Kirby WMM, Sherris JC, Turck M. Antibiotic Susceptibility testing by a standard single disc method. Am J Clin Pathol 1996;45(4):493-6.
  10. Serra MDS, Ferrer EMD, Pericas BE, De S, Serra M, Escobar DF, et al. Microbiological quality of pastry products. Analesde- Bromatologia 1989;41:81-6.
  11. El-Sukhon SN. Identification and characterization of Klebsiella isolated from milk and milk products in Jordan. Food Microbiol 2003;20:225–30.
  12. Gastrin B, Kampe A, Nystrom KG, Oden-Johanson B, Wessel G, Zetterberg B. Salmonella durham epidemic caused by contaminated cocoa. Lakartidningen 1972; 69(46)5335-8.
  13. Castro-Rosas J, Escartín EF. Incidence and germicide sensitivity of Salmonella typhi and Vibrio cholerae O1 in alfalfa sprouts. J Food Saf 1999:19(2):137-46.
  14. Quiroz-Santiago C, Rodas-Suárez OR, Carlos R V, Fernández FJ, Quiñones-Ramírez EI, Vázquez-Salinas C. Prevalence of Salmonella in vegetables from Mexico. J Food Prot 2009;72(6):1279-82.
  15. Kalantari S, Sepehri G, Bahrampour A, Sepehri E. Determination of bacterial contamination isolated from Sandwiches in Kerman City and their resistance to commonly used antimicrobials. S Res Lib 2012;4:1100-5.
  16. Arlet G, Sanson-le-Pors MJ, Rouveau M, Fourinier G, Marie O, Schlemmer B, et al. Outbreak of nosocomial infections due to Klebsiella pneumonia producing SHV-4-B-Lactamases: Eur J Clin Microbial Infect Dis 1990;9(11):793-803
  17. Meyer KS, Urban C, Eagan JA, Berger BJ, Rahal JJ. Nosocomial outbreak of Klebsiella infection resistant to late-generation cephalosporins. Ann Intern Med 1993; 119(5):153-8.
  18. Le Hello S, Hendriksen RS, Doublet B, Fisher I, Nielsen EM, Whichard JM, et al. International Spread of an epidemic Population of Salmonella enteric serovar Kentucky ST198 resistant to Ciprofloxacin. J Infect Dis. 2011;204(5):675-84.
PDF Share

© Jaypee Brothers Medical Publishers (P) LTD.