Reactive arthritis (ReA) also known as post infectious arthritis, affects 1-4% of people days to weeks after being infected by an enteric, urogenital or upper respiratory infection. The most common enteric bacterial pathogens that have been associated with ReA include Salmonella, Shigella, Campylobacter, enterotoxigenic Escherichia coli and Yersinia. It is quite necessary to determine the burden of ReA due to enteric infections using standard criteria. The clinician should investigate for the evidence of previous bacterial infections. In addition, it is very important to carry follow-up studies of patients with enteric infection so as to clarify the association of ReA with enteric pathogens. No curative treatment for reactive arthritis (ReA) exists. Instead, treatment aims at relieving symptoms and is based on symptom severity. Prevention of enteric and genitourinary bacterial infections is the best option.
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