Citation Information :
Gupta V, Chhina RS, Singh R, Suri P, Singh J, Chopra P. Seroprevalence of Parenterally and Enterally Transmitted Hepatitis Viruses in a Tertiary Care Hospital of North India -ATwo Year Study. J Gastrointest Infect 2012; 2 (1):46-51.
Background & Objectives: Viral hepatitis is one of the major health concerns in developing countries like India. The present study was undertaken to find out the prevalence of hepatitis B, hepatitis C, hepatitis Aand hepatitis E in our area and to compare it with National and International data.
Methods: A total of 34,551 serumsamples received over a period of two years (Jan 2010 to Dec 2011) fromvarious wards and intensive care units (ICUs) were processed in the Department of Microbiology for different markers of viral hepatitis. Out of these, 13,570 serum samples were tested for the presence of HBs Ag, 13,566 for anti HCV antibodies, 3,871 for anti HAV Ig Mand 3,584 for anti HEV Ig Mantibodies by enzyme linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA).
Results: The percentage positivity for hepatitis B, hepatitis C hepatitis Aand hepatitis E was 5.95%, 13.25%, 6.32% and 15.43%respectively in 2010 and 5.62%, 14.27%, 6.56%and 23.53%respectively in 2011. The overall prevalence of viral hepatitis was more in males as compared to females.
Interpretation & Conclusion: The prevalence of hepatitis C was more than hepatitis B among the parenterally transmitted viruses while the prevalence of hepatitis E was more than hepatitis Ain enterally transmitted viruses, in both the years making them a major public health problem in our area.
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